Net-Positive Biodiversity in Offshore Renewable Energy: Minimum Criteria and Recommendations for Action

In late 2023, the United Nations Global Compact Ocean Stewardship Coalition held a series of working meetings which convened a public-private multi-stakeholder group including ocean industry, Governments, non-government organisations, academics and other relevant stakeholders to create alignment in identifying the critical components required to deliver Offshore Renewable Energy (ORE) in a biodiversity-positive manner. The outcome of those meetings is this report meant to inform ORE developers’ action on biodiversity by outlining the minimum considerations that must underpin ORE actions designed to achieve NPI at the project level. Although challenges to implementation remain, these minimum considerations outline what ORE developers should be working towards while institutional frameworks, reporting mechanisms and technologies are still in development